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A hardship letter is the most important piece of document required to apply for loan modification. Its substance and validity will make or break an attempt for a loan workout. This is a letter basically contains an explanation why there is a difficulty of settling mortgage amortization. It is only fitting to compose this letter carefully.
When writing a hardship letter, its important to remember to keep it short, concise but not arrogant. A one to two pages maximum letter is strongly advised. Take note that a lender does not have the luxury of time to read a novel-like hardship letter. This letter serves as outline of ones difficulty to pay for periodic amortization, so it should be direct.
Like any letter, begin with a proper salutation, use font type and size reasonably easier to read. Letter size or 8.5 by 11 inches will be the papers size; otherwise an A4 sized paper can be used.
Bear also in mind that there is a clear definition of the term “hardship” for availing loan modification. Such hardship should fall under listed by mortgage lenders. Such as bankruptcy of business, immediate relocation, or divorce from a spouse who is the co-borrower. There are still more to this, to be sure homeowners should check with their lender.
In the actual writing, the first sentence should tell why such letter is written. This may include the explanation that after all possible ways were exhausted theres still failure to meet with mortgage payments. Much of this should be in the first paragraph of the letter.
The second paragraph should describe the events that affected failure to make regular payments. This description should be done tastefully without being overly dramatic. Overly thought out explanation might appear deliberate and fake. Additional paragraph might be added to explain the intent for loan modification pursuant to financial difficulty.
It is also wise to give approximate, if not exact, duration of the hardship period. This will be the basis for the mortgage lenders to get a head start with its response for loan modification. The last paragraph should emphasize the desire to settle the loan, but asking for leeway, for the time being.
Then end the letter with parting words hoping for a loan modification, which will be favorable to both parties. It is also wise to mention about attachments to the hardship letter, which are proofs of financial difficulty claim.
Here is a short summary of the MSc International Banking and Financial Studies masters degree course offered by the Management School at the University of Southampton to help would-be students to decide whether it is the course for them.
This International Banking and Financial Studies masters course aims to develop students’ existing skills through advanced study in the areas of banking and finance, with a particular emphasis on the international context in which these activities occur.
The International Banking and Financial Studies masters programme gives you a coherent theoretical framework for the various subject areas, although the emphasis throughout is on the practical application of financial techniques in the modern financial services environment.
Southampton Management School has an excellent international reputation for the analytical study of management and business. Studying the MSc International Banking and Financial Studies masters programme will introduce you to new concepts and knowledge, which can make all the difference in the job market.
At the Management School, all our degrees are taught by research-active academics who are also directly tackling business challenges outside the seminar room and putting theory into practice every day.
The International Banking and Financial Studies masters degree course is led by Dr. Gerhard Kling, who is a senior lecturer in Finance at the University of Southamptons Management School.
Gerhard received his PhD in Economics from the University of Tuebingen (Germany) and joined Utrecht University (The Netherlands) as Assistant Professor of Finance and Financial Markets (2004-2006).
In 2006, he went into the private sector and worked as Practice Specialist in Corporate Finance & Banking (McKinsey & Company, Germany) (2006-2007). Then he returned into academia and joined Bristol Business School (UWE, UK) as Senior Lecturer in Strategy (2007-2009).
In 2009, Gerhard was promoted to a Principal Lecturer in Strategy and Operations Management (2009-2010). On 1st October 2010 he joined the University of Southampton as a Senior Lecturer in Finance.
Southampton Management School has an excellent international reputation for the analytical study of management and business. Studying an MSc Management masters degree, or other postgraduate option, will introduce you to new concepts and knowledge, which can make all the difference in the job market.
All our degrees are taught by research-active academics who are also directly tackling business challenges outside the seminar room and put theory into practice every day.
To find out more about this International Banking and Financial Studies masters degree go to www.southampton.ac.uk/management
Real estate investment is the practice of buying real estate property and making a profit out of it by selling it. There are many people that make a living utilizing this type of investment as it can be rather lucrative. Nonetheless, not everyone advantages from it. There are people who make the wrong choices when purchasing property and wind up making drops.
Wondering how to get a great start in the sales of commercial real estate? As of today commercial real estate market is considered as one of the vast market regardless of where you are. You could easily find a booming career in the real estate industry if you are aware of on the right techniques of the market. You can always take good real estate investment advice for getting a great initiate in a fruitful venture.
Commercial real estate investment can be considered as very good career choice. There is always a market for business when you consider commercial real estate investment. Always remember when you get involved with commercial real estate investment, keep the deal in your mind. You always have to be alert when deciding any type of deal. Dont only go for just a good location or good appearance, but there should be lot more things you have to keep in mind like the bottom line earning you expect to make, the following terms and conditions of the agreement and moreover the approximate rate of return from it. Simply focus on the expected profit and good real estate investment advice rather than getting emotional on one property.
Always keep in mind that the whole real estate process is a long process even if you have already gone for a commercial real estate property. Now a days people or owners get so impatient with all the processes and simply give up on the deals. Basically you need to have the track for all the things like all the official documents has to be made properly, the documents need to be signed properly and moreover repairs need to be made.
Well you have to think before doing anything like for example why the previous owner is selling its commercial property and more questions like this. Sometimes, they are selling it because of a problem with the property itself. It can be any scenario like it could be prone to more bizarre scenario be the target of repeat break ins due to a vendetta or perhaps due to insect infestation and lot more things like this.
There are always new things happening in the commercial real estate as there are always new questions coming up that you cant even answer. So that is why it is said to take real estate investment advice from some experienced person that probably helps your success rate. This makes a wealth of resources available to you.
For more information related to real estate investment advice , Please visit : americanrealestateinvestments.com
The definition of finance is the provision of funds or loan supplied to an individual or company. Often this term is used for the study of economics and how money is controlled. It can be also defined as the management of funds and capital required by a business and private activities. Management of finance has also developed into a specialized branch within the financial sector and is carried out by finance managers.
Managing this involves dealing with the optimization and allocation of funds to various areas either by borrowing or by using those available from internal resources. The word Optimizing may sound strange but it refers to taking measures that minimize the cost of financing while simultaneously attempting to maximize the profits out of the employed finance. Bad debts are poor finance management where rules have not been followed; the result of this is depressed markets, low production and a cash crisis. It is for this very reason that finance managers are very careful with finance they agree too and where it is funded from.
It is not uncommon to hear finance managers referred to as bean counters as they are looking at immediate returns and initial costs against the potential at a later stage. Finance managers are the pessimists whereas sales managers are the optimists who look to the future and not to the past! Often though, problems occur with small businesses who fail to see the distinction between a business loan and a personal one. Most lenders will cancel the loan if they feel they have been deceived this way because they are unsure what the money is to be invested in.
Hopefully by educating the small (and large) business owners of their fiscal responsibilities they may build the basis of an improved company in the future. Small businesses can be very flexible, however, and call upon friends, other businesses, family members, even their own bank for finance.
Finance managers can help improve their company’s profits by using external sources which also lessens the risk on them at the same time. The famous comedian Bob Hope best summed up the subject when he once said; a bank is a place that will lend you money but only if you can prove that you don’t need it.
There is a plethora of jobs in the finance industry. Many finance jobs are centered around several primary professions such as commercial banking and investment banking. Naturally the most common jobs fall within those two categories. Currently, the more popular of the two is investment banking. Consequently, the most popular job roles in finance are positions in the investment banking arena.
Industry coverage is a large area covered by investment bankers who specialize in product groups such as utilities, aerospace, real estate, etc. This group has a group of senior bankers called Managing Directors which are backed by Directors, Vice Presidents and Associates. The managing director will help strategize the next move for the group as it grows and the team usually recruits new graduates into this group quite aggressively.
Corporate finance is an area with the primary function of raising money for corporate ventures. As an analyst in this group, you would be responsible for preparing registrations and attend road shows where investors are sold securities. Debt Capital Markets or Equity Capital Markets originate new issues of bonds or securities. They advise about the best time to issue these new debts or equities. Mergers and Acquisitions is yet another department which is under investment banking. Mergers and acquisitions generate fee income for investment banks. The bank sets up the acquisition even under market conditions that would make the acquisition unfavorable through creative methods that benefit all parties and the bank gets paid handsomely for their effort.
Project Finance help fund the infrastructure of a government or oil capital project, generally funneling funds from one foreign country to another when other options for borrowing have dried up. Trading is a job with which most of us are familiar. It is sales of securities on the stock market floor or from an office. Structured finance, derivatives, advisory, equity and fixed income research and international sales and emerging markets are other jobs that can be performed in investment banking.
Public finance, retail brokerage or stockbroker, institutional sales and ratings analyst are the remaining positions in investment banking. Many of these jobs are more glamorous than the others, but they all pay well. The most popular job roles in finance include any position in investment banking which comes with a hefty salary and many also pay bonuses. Commission often accompanies any position that generates sales to compensate for performance. Ratings analysts command an average annual salary of 68,000 with an average of 5,000 in bonuses. An exceptional employee should expect a higher salary. A managing director in Industry Coverage can command a salary of 130,000 to 220,000 annually. The job you pursue in Investment Banking will be your personal choice. Your compensation will be excellent and hopefully, you will find a home based on your talent and interests.
People want their money to work hard to deliver the best possible return on their stake. There are many ways that people can grow their money, from traditional savings and ISA accounts to more diverse investments such as commodities.
Current times are quite challenging in terms of what investments actually do provide a decent return on customers monies, and many people are turning to ethical investment opportunities.
What is an ethical investment?
An ethical (also known as Sustainable) investment is an investment that not only offers a good return on the clients money but also helps the planet. This is done by investing in commodities such as timber, where plantations are created and harvested over a designated period of time. These opportunities often come with social and environmental objectives. They can provide jobs to communities whilst creating sustainable fuels and forestry for years to come.
Why should you chose an ethical investment?
Investing money is all about getting a return at any cost. Ethical opportunities are different in that respect. Ultimately the end goal is getting a return on investment, but alongside this investment you know that the money is being put to good use in both a socially and environmentally responsible way. By choosing an ethical investment you can be sure that your money will be put to use in a way that will also help the environment both now and the foreseeable future.
What are the risk of ethical investments?
There are always risks in any investment and ethical opportunities are no different, however they do tend to often perform well under poor market conditions. It is important to note, however, that an ethical opportunity might have a higher risk profile than other investment opportunities where a companies activities are more mainstream.
What types of ethical investments are available?
There are many different types of sustainable opportunities available to people who are serious about socially responsible investments. These can range from Forestry and Farming to alternative energy sources and eco-housing.
Before you embark on any type of investment, be it ethical or not, you should always seek guidance and where possible have a look at how the market has been performing over a period of time. Sustainable investments can offer a very high return on your investment, but as with any investment there is an element of risk involved. In some cases the element of risk may be higher in an ethical investment than in a non-ethical option so you should always research the market prior to departing with your hard earned cash. You should only ever invest what you can afford to potentially lose.
Sustainable investments can provide you with a high return on your money, whilst also helping to build a sustainable planet.
It seems that for the time being carbon investment in the EU will not get the much needed price support, with a committee of MEPs rejecting plans for propping up the price in the EU’s carbon market. The decision predictably sent prices of carbon allowances down, spiralling to a new record low of below 3 a tonne.
MEPs Reject Backloading Plan
On January 25, BusinessGreen reported that the European Parliament’s Industry, Research and Energy (ITRE) committee voted against a proposal by the European Commission to withhold permits from the market before reintroducing them at a later date. The process, known as backloading, was intended to remove part of the oversupply of EU carbon allowances (EUAs) in the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS).
Carbon Price Hits a Fresh Low
Although the vote is just one of the steps in a process which could still see the backloading plan implemented, the result sent the trading price of EUAs to a record low of 2.81 a tonne. BusinessGreen quoted Miles Austin, executive director of the Climate Markets and Investment Association, as saying that without the backloading it was difficult to see how the EU ETS would remain relevant for future climate policy. It will be driving little significant change, certainly not at the scale needed for Europe to promote a low-carbon economy and remain internationally competitive, Mr Austin added.
Analysts have estimated that the price of EUAs needs to be approximately ten times higher to drive low carbon investment on a large-scale.
On January 24, Reuters quoted the EUs Climate Commissioner Connie Hedegaard as saying that the carbon price fall to less than 3 should serve as a wake-up call to EU Member States to back the Commissions backloading plan. It must be clear to all that when the Commission warned that the ETS price could drop dramatically it was not a false warning but a real possibility, Ms Hedegaard was quoted as saying.
Indeed,carbon investment prospects in the EU seem grim at present, with Reuters reporting that following the parliamentary vote SocieteGenerale cut its forecasts for average EUAs carbon prices from 2013 to 2015 by around 30 percent. Negative news and events relating to the EU ETS continue to pile up and come from all sides, the bank said. The EU ETS has become a one-way market, spiralling down.
With so many people facing foreclosure today, thousands of loan modification companies have emerged offering a financial lifeline. Unfortunately, most demand big upfront fees, are not sufficiently educated in the industry to actually help, and may hurt by wasting valuable time and effort, or many companies (about 75%) are in the business to scam people. As stated by Illinois Attorney General Lisa Madigan–If you are struggling to make your mortgage payments, or if you are facing foreclosure, stay away from anyone who says that they will save your home for money upfront-.
Loss Mitigation Specialist C. Thompson Sr (Nationwide Assistance, Clermont, FLA), has determined several tale tale signs of scamming by these companies:
Charges a huge upfront fee- the purpose of the fee is to contact the lender to ask for a loan modification. But, if turned down, only half the fee or none of the fee is returned. In these cases, there should be a money back guarantee.
Will not explain the purpose of the fee- all services should be explained and all questions answered.
Is not interested in your circumstances- may not have your best interest at heart.
Does not stop the foreclosure proceedings during the negotiation.
Will accept the first proposal from the lender, which may not suit your circumstances.
A virtual company-no real office- may not be a real company.
Too good to be true- promises a fantastic interest rate or/and an exact principle reduction amount, without consulting the lender. No promises can be made without negtiating with the lender.
No approval process-An approval process should be the first step in the modification process, before a fee is paid. The process should not include credit qualification, and approval should not be made on the first phone call.
Not a member of the Better Business Bureau.-they are not a leader in the industry.
Fortunately, you can avoid these scams. There are other avenues to pursue if you need assistance with your urgent mortgage problems. Consider a non-profit agency that will assist you without charging a fee, or a real estate licensee and an attorney who will work and allow payment after the work is completed. You can also obtain free advice and consultation for your refinance, loan modification and foreclosure needs through several government agencies:
Hope NOW –
California Department of Real Estate –
Making Home Affordable-
The information presented above applies to home refinancing and loan modification abuse. However, if you are seriously looking to improve your finances in general, visit to find out more.
Results Plan in Financial Management
Dividends are those incomes which are distributed among stockholders of a company. These incomes are compensated either in money or in stock, usually on a monthly basis and may be compensated only out of maintained income, not from invested investment. Dividends are only compensated when the corporation’s success can assistance this pay out. The more and frequent the corporation’s success, the frequent the transaction of returns. The amount of dividend compensated for each discuss is determined by the corporation’s policy towards them. Organizations are not required lawfully to pay returns, but to keep the traders interested in the company, the control pays out dividend, though the percentage of returns per discuss can differ from season to season, as it is determined by the success of the company.
There are other aspects also which choose the transaction of dividend in the company. These include corporate amount of development, limited covenants, income stability, degree of financial debt and tax aspects.
Dividend Plan is essential in dealing with certain aspects such as:
Influences the investors’ decisions: Community which wants to invest in a company will look for two aspects, the success of the company and the overall amount of development of the company. Earnings will determine the corporation’s dividend payout amount and of course amount of development of the company is also an essential aspect. So, a company seeking excellent investor assistance shall have to choose a dividend policy which can keep the traders happy.
Impact on financial program and investment funds of a company: Results policy is one of the aspects impacting a corporation’s financial and investment funds. The income of a company associated with a quarter or a season are usually taken into consideration. These incomes are either saved as maintained income or they can be compensated out. Retained income are excellent source of generating internal financial. A company cannot in many circumstances save 100% of the income or pay out 100% of the income as returns. Many a times, it needs to reach a balance between dividend payout amount and maintained income amount. The rates can be 50: 50, 60:40, 70:30, etc.
A company cannot afford paying out great dividend rates every season. Instead, it can adopt a low dividend payout amount which can be helpful during the years of low income as well.
High dividend amount will affect the income of the company. Companies with poor assets amount cannot pay out dividends because of less option money.
High dividend amount will decrease the stockholders’ value, since returns are compensated from maintained income. The result is higher financial debt to value amount.
Climate modification is a multi-faceted and complex subject. In this article, we take a look at the relationship between climate modification and volcanoes.
Climate Modification and Volcanoes
The climate modification debate is a nasty one. Parties pick their positions, dig in and refuse to listen to the rants of the other side. Lost in the yelling is the simple fact that climate modification is a natural phenomenon to some extent. For proof, we need merely look at the materials kicked out by volcanoes.
It is an undeniable fact of the earth record that volcanoes have changed the climate during certain periods. Small explosions don’t have much impact, but large explosions send massive amounts of material and gases into the atmosphere. The gases include carbon dioxide, the ultimate bugaboo greenhouse gas. Beyond these gases, however, volcanoes can kick out so much debris and ash that the material in the atmosphere can actually block out the sun or reduce the warming effect.
Mount St. Helens is the most studied and well known recent eruption. Unless you have been meditating in a cave for the last 20 years, you know that the volcano exploded on May 18, 1980. The eruption was powerful enough to flatten everything for 17 miles, immediately turning 10 million trees into so much firewood. The huge volcanic ash cloud stretched halfway across the United States, but barely had an impact on global temperatures.
In contrast, the eruption of the El Chichon volcano in 1982 had a measurable climate impact. El Chichon is located in Mexico and was a much smaller eruption than Mount St. Helens. Still, the average temperature around the globe cooled by one degree. What scientist learned is the climate modification impact of volcanoes is highly dependent on the type of explosion. The materials from Mount St. Helens fell out of the atmosphere quickly, while El Chichon belched enormous amounts of sulfur that remained in the atmosphere for much longer.
One of the problems with climate modification is it occurs over a relatively long period of time. Since we started paying attention to the situation, we have not had a chance to see the impact of a major eruption. The stuff we see on television is really small potatoes compared to historically eruptions of note. For example, Mount St. Helens threw roughly a half a cubic mile of material into the air. In 1815, a volcano in Indonesia belched 24 cubic miles of material into the atmosphere. Obviously, one has to imagine it impacted the climate of the earth.
Is there a relationship between climate modification and volcanoes? Undoubtedly. From what we see, however, the relationship is generally of a short duration and not an explanation for the rising temperatures we are seeing currently.
Rick Chapo is with SolarCompanies.com, a directory of solar energy companies. Visit us to read more articles on solar power and global warming and volcanoes.